I recently purchased a 2018 F39 / X2, which has a B46O engine. BMW recommends BMW TwinPower Turbo Longlife-14 FE + SAE 0W-20 for this engine. When I picked up the vehicle, it had a bottle of BMW TwinPower Turbo Longlife-01 SAE 0W-30 in the rear storage compartment. I'm not clear why the dealership gave me a bottle of 0W-30 when 0W-20 is recommended.
Gotta be a mistake. I'd ask them to correct it.
I understand the B38/B46/B48/B58 engines were "designed" for the 0W-20 oil, but I'm wondering how much of the motivation for using such a thin oil is fuel economy or long oil change intervals, as opposed to long engine life. For the record, I've read the Oil University series so I understand the thinking behind thinner oil.
I would appreciate the opinions of this forum regarding whether I should use 0W-20 or 0W-30 oil in my vehicle. Are there any differences between the Longlife-01 and Longlife-14 standards that would imply one oil over the other?
Well long OCIs wouldn't be a reason for thin oil. If anything, they'd be a reason for thicker oil to cope with fuel dilution.
Either way, there's another possible reason: BMW reckons the 0W-20 is good enough to protect the engine in its expected use, and anything thicker would just run hotter and reduce fuel economy for no good reason. Oil should always be as thin as possible, and as thick as necessary.
No one but BMW knows why they chose this spec. We know fuel economy was part of it because they advertise that; beyond that, the question is unanswerable, and thus not worth pondering. The real question for people like us is whether we can do a better job by second-guessing BMW. I'm inclined to say no.
As for LL-01 vs. LL-14+: LL-01 was a general purpose spec based on ACEA A3, which is focused on long OCIs and requires an HTHS viscosity of 3.5 and up. LL-14+ is specific to the N20 and Bx8 engines, and requires much lower viscosity. Guessing here, but I bet they kept the minimum performance standards from previous specs, simply requiring them to be met with a thinner lubricant.
Either way, you should run what the car specs -- not because we necessarily know it's the best thing, but because there's nothing to say anything else will do better.
Also, when should I change the oil for the first time? BMW recommends 15000 km oil change interval and service is included. I'm considering changing the oil myself between paid for changes. The vehicle currently has around 1500 kms on the odometer and I'm planning a 1500 km road trip.
No harm in that plan. If you plan to keep this car as long as possible, go ahead and drain the factory fill. Just make sure you refill it with the spec oil and don't tell BMW.