I was just looking at a Chrysler 300C Hemi for a friend of mine, and ran into a P1521 code that my scanner couldn't define. Turns out, it's this:
I guess this is one engine where you don't want to play around with alternative viscosities, or lose the MDS. He decided to pass on buying the car for other, more serious reasons, but this was an interesting thing I never knew about. I wonder if more engines with cylinder deactivation have the same feature.
P1521–INCORRECT ENGINE OIL TYPE When Monitored: Engine Running. Set Condition: Using the oil pressure, oil temperature and other vital engine inputs the PCM can determine the engine oil viscosity. Incorrect viscosity will effect the operation of the MDS by delaying cylinder activation . Possible Causes INCORRECT ENGINEOIL TYPE ENGINE OIL CONTAMINATION ENGINE OIL Always perform the Pre-Diagnostic Troubleshooting procedure before proceeding. Diagnostic Test 1. ACTIVE DTC NOTE: Review the customers oil change history. Ensure the customers is using the correct engine oil viscosity. If the incorrect oil is being used, change the oil, using the correct engine oil viscosity. Ignition on, engine off. With the scan tool, read DTCs. Is the DTC active at this time? Yes Go to 2 No Test Complete. 2. ENGINE OIL NOTE: If set along with P1521, repair any engine oil pressure or temperature DTCs first before continuing. The following conditions must be checked. OEM recommended oil viscosity is being used. Customer is following the oil change schedule. Check the engine oil for contamination. (i.e., fuel and/or engine coolant) Internal engine condition that may effect oil pressure. Were any of the above conditions found? Yes Repair as necessary. Perform the POWERTRAIN VERIFICATION TEST. No Change the engine oil using the correct oil viscosity. Perform the POWERTRAIN VERIFICATION TEST. If this was an early production vehicle I'd say check with a dealer on a TSB that was issued for this. But since you just had the engine rebuilt I suggest that you: 1. Verify oil viscosity used. 2. If incorrect oil was used, drain and refill with proper weight oil. 3. Insure that your oil pressure sensor has not been damaged during the repair work.