Hello Folks: Included are VOAs for three different BMW LL-01 certified and approved oils. 1) The original "High Performance Full Synthetic" version sold by dealers (Castrol supposedly), 2) The new "Twin Power Turbo" version sold by dealers (Pennzoil supposedly), 3) Castrol Edge Euro (gold bottle). Both BMW branded oils were made in the USA, the Castrol was made in Austria. I found the following things interesting: 1) There are significant differences between the BMW HPFS and Castrol Edge. It's been my understanding that many on BITOG believe these two oils are the same brew. There are not. 2) The BMW HPFS oil is the "thickest". The BMW TPT and Castrol Edge have almost identical viscosities. 3) All three have very similar Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, and TBN levels. 4) Both BMW branded oils have Moly, the older HPFS version having about three times as much as the new TPT version! Castrol Edge has no Moly. 5) Castrol is the only one of the three to have Titanium. 6) Flashpoints for all three are high, but the new TPT version is a whopping 480 degrees! 7) The color and appearance of the oils was virtually identical. The TPT might have been slightly darker than the other two. Maybe. 8) I found it interesting that the Castrol Euro was made in Austria and imported to Wakefield Canada (Castrol is Wakefield). FWIW, I had 40C and 100C tests performed. Read the comments for that info. I like hanging with you guys at night, so thanks. It's my pleasure to share this info with y'all! Cheers, Scott The mugshot lineup: BMW branded HPFS (Castrol supposedly) BMW branded TPT (Pennzoil supposedly) Castrol Edge Euro MSDS data sheet for Castrol, only one I could find.