Steel is made by heating iron ore with burning charred coal. Cement is made by heating calcium carbonate, silica, and a touch of iron ore with burning coal dust or natural gas. There's plenty of CO2 given off, but it's less than by burning coal directly for energy. PV cells take large amounts of energy to make, but recently they passed the break even point. I'm not sure what the energy break-even point is for a wind turbine, but its less than its lifespan.
The solutions being subsidized by gubbermints all over are not real solutions. They are make-work projects. Nukes will be the medium term answer, if you accept the dangers of more bomb ingredients, and occasional escapes of radiation that make the news. We have to radically increase efficiency. Then, the alternative energy sources will be more viable.