At towered airports, yes, there essentially is. At least to safely complete a flight - but not necessarily to legally dispatch a flight.
The “ATIS” (Automatic Terminal Information System) provides a recording (or a digital transmission to planes) of the hourly weather and airport status. The ATIS is produced by the ATC tower.
The ATIS will provided real-time updates to the NOTAM system because it’s made by people right at the airport.
For example you could read a NOTAM before departure that a runway is closed. But 5 hours later when the pilots listen to, or digitally request, the ATIS, they will see the current status of the runways that are still closed.
It won’t cover everything, but many real-time things it will. Taxiway closures, runway closures, nearby construction cranes, runway friction reports, etc.
As an airline pilot, my only beef with the current NOTAM system is the formatting. It’s hard to read. BUT, it’s obviously done this way to save space/paper, so I kinda “get it”. 10 pages of NOTAMS turns into 40 pages if you format it so it’s easy to read.